Research in Pharmacy and Health Sciences

ISSN: 2455 5258
An International Peer Review Journal

Volume 4, Issue 4: October-November 2018

1. Medically Important Vector Borne Disease Control-Botanical Plant Extract Trials
Department of Biotechnology, Tej Narayan Banaili College, T. M. Bhagalpur University, Bhagalpur-812007, Bihar, INDIA
Mosquitoes are vectors of many pathogens which causes serious human diseases like Malaria, Filariasis, Japanese encephalitis, Dengue fever, Chikungunya, Yellow fever and Zika virus which constitute a major public health problem globally. Mosquito borne diseases cause high level of economic impact all over the world and result in millions of death every year. They infect around 700,000,000 people annually worldwide and 40,000,000 only in India. The continuous use of synthetic pesticides to control vector mosquitoes has caused physiological resistance, toxic effect on human health, environmental pollution and addition to these, its adverse effects can be observed on non-target organisms. Synthetic chemical pesticides have been proved to be effective, but overall in last 5 decades indiscriminate use of synthetic pesticides against vector borne disease control have originated several ecological issues due to their residual accumulation and development of resistance in target vectors and their chronic effects.

2. Silk Proteins in Drug Delivery: An Overview
Dishari Dutta, *Chowdhury Mobaswar Hossain, Avijit Biswas
Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Bengal School of Technology (A College of Pharmacy), Chinsurah, Hooghly, West Bengal-712102, INDIA
Primarily Silk is classified as Mulberry silk (collected from Bombyx mori) and Non-Mulberry silk (collected from sources other than Bombyx mori). Whilst Mulberry silk has gained its importance in biomedical application due to superior biocompatibility and biodegradable properties when compared to synthetic protologues; such edge cutting popularity is quite new among Non-Mulberry variant. Silk proteins namely Sericin and Fibroin, are reported to have been employed in tissue engineering and drug delivery owing to its biocompatibility, slow biodegradability, self-assembly, excellent mechanical properties and controllable structure and morphology. Silk is less inflammatory than other common biodegradable polymers. Fibroin is the fibre used in textile and biomedical devices whereas Sericin is glue like material which binds the fibres together. The fibroin is further divided into two, based on the molecular weights of chains of amino acid.  Sericin, being the glue-like material and constitute the part of silk which was generally washed away during extraction of fibroin used as textile material. Researchers have reported that Sericin do not produce immunogenic responses unless associated with fibroin.  The review focuses on silk proteins and its utility in drug delivery.

3. Comparative Study of effectiveness of mobilization with movement (MWM) and End range mobilization (ERM) techniques in frozen shoulder
Jeyakumar S1, Jagatheesan Alagesan2, T.S.Muthukumar3
1PhD Scholar, Saveetha University, Kuthambakkam, Tamil Nadu, India,
2Assistant Professor, Physical Therapy College of Health Sciences, Gulf Medical University, Ajman, UAE
3Professor, College of Physiotherapy Sri Ramakrishna Institute of Para Medical Sciences, Coimbatore, TN, India
Background: Frozen shoulder is disorder of the connective tissue that limits the normal Range of motion of the shoulder in diabetes, frozen shoulder is thought to be caused by changes to the collagen in the shoulder joint as a result of long term Hypoglycemia. Mobilization is a therapeutic movement of the joint. The goal is to restore normal joint motion and rhythm. The use of mobilization with movement for peripheral joints was developed by mulligan. This technique combines a sustained application of manual technique “gliding” force to the joint with concurrent physiologic motion of joint, either actively or passively. This study aims to find out the effects of mobilization with movement and end range mobilization in frozen shoulder in Type I diabetics. Materials and Methods: 30 subjects both male and female, suffering with shoulder pain and clinically diagnosed with frozen shoulder was recruited for the study and divided into two groups with 15 patients each based on convenient sampling method. Group A patients received mobilization with movement and Group B patients received end range mobilization for three weeks. The outcome measurements were SPADI, Functional hand to back scale, abduction range of motion using goniometer and VAS. Results: The mean values of all parameters showed significant differences in group A as compared to group B in terms of decreased pain, increased abduction range and other outcome measures. Conclusion: Based on the results it has been   concluded that treating the type 1 diabetic patient with frozen shoulder, mobilization with movement exercise shows better results than end range mobilization in reducing pain and increase functional activities and mobility in frozen shoulder.

4. Significance of In-Vitro and In-Vivo Correlation in Drug Delivery System
Hina Mumtaz1, Muhammad Asim Farooq2. Zainab Batool3, Anam Ahsan4 Ashikujaman Syed5
1College of Pharmacy, Government College University, Faisalabad, Pakistan
2School of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmaceutics, China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 211198, PR China.
3Islam medical and dental college, Sialkot, Pakistan.
4College of Animal Science & Veterinary Medicine, Shanxi Agriculture University, Jinzhong, Shanxi, China
5School of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmaceutics, China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 211198, PR China.
The main purpose of development pharmaceutical dosage form is to find out the in vivo and in vitro behavior of dosage form. This challenge is overcome by implementation of in-vivo and in-vitro correlation. Application of this technique is economical and time saving in dosage form development. It shortens the period of development dosage form as well as improves product quality. IVIVC reduce the experimental study on human because IVIVC involves the in vivo relevant media utilization in vitro specifications. The key goal of IVIVC is to serve as alternate for in vivo bioavailability studies and serve as justification for bio waivers. IVIVC follows the specifications and relevant quality control parameters that lead to improvement in pharmaceutical dosage form development in short period of time.
Recently in-vivo in-vitro correlation (IVIVC) has found application to predict the pharmacokinetic behaviour of pharmaceutical preparations. It has emerged as a reliable tool to find the mode of absorption of several dosage forms. It is used to correlate the in-vitro dissolution with in vivo pharmacokinetic profile. IVIVC made use to predict the bioavailability of the drug of particular dosage form. IVIVC is satisfactory for the therapeutic release profile specifications of the formulation. IVIVC model has capability to predict plasma drug concentration from in vitro dissolution media.


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