Clinical Study on Prevalence of Multi Drug Resistant Tuberculosis in Khammam District, Telangana – An Observational Study

ABSTRACT
Background: The aim of the study is to evaluate the prevalence of multi-drug resistant
tuberculosis in Khammam district. The objective is to create awareness among healthcare
personnel and patients regarding MDR-TB. The study was conducted over a period of six
months, i.e., December 2016 – June 2017. Result: A total of 54 MDR-TB cases were studied.
According to age groups 32 subjects are in the young and middle age groups which comprise
a total of about 59.1 whereas in early age there are 6.8%. Many variables are considered in
this study out of which alcohol was rated as highest because 59.2% subjects in the study were
alcoholics. A total of 31.8% smokers was found out. Diabetes was also a variation with 27.8%
subjects suffering. A total of 18.5% of subjects was suffering from TB with HIV. Conclusion:
The study reveals that the subjects suffered from resistance to category-I drugs and hence
they are transferred to category-IV drugs. Tuberculosis is a disease that mainly affects the
people of age groups 20-40 and is more prevalent in males than that of females. Variables
like alcohol consumption rated as the highest risk factor, followed by smoking, diabetes and HIV
respectively. Keywords: MDR, Alcohol, Smoking, HIV, Diabetes.