A review on Madhuca longifolia

Abstract: Since the beginning of human civilization, medicinal plants have been used by mankind for
its therapeutic value. Madhuca longifolia (Family: Sapotaceae), is an Indian tropical tree
found largely in the central and north Indian plains and forests. Its common or trade name is
Mahwa or Mahua. Various parts of Madhuca longifolia has been used traditionally for
different ethnomedicinal purposes. This review enlists the contributions of various scientists
on Madhuca longifolia under different sections like ethnomedicinal activity,
pharmacological activity, toxicological activity, phytochemistry, insecticidal & pesticidal
activity, antimicrobial activity, ethnobotany, clinical studies, miscellaneous, pharmacognosy,
analytical and processing techniques, biochemistry and agronomy. This review will provide
a path to the researchers to explore the therapeutic potentials of Madhuca lngifolia. Keywords: Madhuca longifolia, Sapotaceae, Mahua, Ethnomedicinal activity