Case Report on Sturge-Weber syndrome

Sturge–Weber syndrome (SWS) belongs to a group of disorders collectively known as the phakomatoses. It consists of congenital hamartomatous malformations that may affect the eye, skin, and central nervous system (CNS) at different times, characterized by the combination of venous angiomas of leptomeninges, face, jaws and oral soft tissues. SWS is referred to as complete when both central nervous system and facial angiomas are present, and incomplete when only one area is affected. Epilepsy is the most common and often the first neurological complication of SWS. Here we present a case of seizure with hypocalcaemia to the risk of Sturge Weber syndrome. Brain – MRI with contrast, however, be advised that due to the progressive nature of SWS, brain involvement may not be evident on early scans. So initially child was treated for seizures with anti-epileptic drugs. The health professionals have to be suitably able to recognize its characteristic signs and symptoms, and so improve the quality of life of the patients.
Keywords: Sturge Weber syndrome, port wine stain, seizures.